Mainstreaming Gender Perspectives in Energy Transition Policies

Riding the Momentum: Women Propelling Offshore Energy Transformation

Mainstreaming gender perspectives in energy transition policies can lead to more equitable and effective outcomes, benefiting both women and men.

The Gender Energy Gap

Gender disparities in the energy sector are evident in various aspects. Women are underrepresented in decision-making roles, both in government and the private sector, with only 22% of board seats in the top 200 energy companies held by women. Additionally, women have limited access to energy resources, such as electricity, clean cooking fuels, and modern technologies. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), around 773 million people, mostly in rural areas, lack access to electricity, with women and girls being the most affected.

Furthermore, women’s participation in the energy workforce is significantly lower compared to men. In 2019, women represented only 22% of employees in the oil and gas industry and 32% in the renewable energy sector. This gender energy gap not only perpetuates inequalities but also limits the sector’s potential for innovation, economic growth, and sustainability.

The Need for Mainstreaming Gender Perspectives

To address the gender energy gap and create a more inclusive energy transition, it is crucial to mainstream gender perspectives in energy policies and decision-making processes. Here are some key reasons why this is essential:

  • Promoting social equity: Integrating gender perspectives helps ensure that vulnerable groups, such as women, have equal access to energy resources and opportunities. It promotes social equity and helps achieve Sustainable Development Goal 5 on gender equality.
  • Enhancing energy access: Considering gender roles and dynamics in energy policies can lead to targeted interventions to improve energy access for women and girls. This includes providing off-grid solutions, clean cooking facilities, and electrification in rural areas where women are disproportionately affected by energy poverty.
  • Empowering women: Incorporating gender perspectives can empower women by increasing their participation in decision-making processes and providing them with economic opportunities in the energy sector.
  • Promoting innovation: Women bring unique perspectives and ideas to the table, fostering innovation and driving the development of sustainable energy solutions. By including women in the energy transition, we can unlock their potential and benefit from their contributions.

Best Practices and Success Stories

To illustrate the positive impact of mainstreaming gender perspectives in energy transition policies, let’s look at a couple of success stories:

Rwanda’s Gender-Responsive Energy Policy

Rwanda has made significant strides in mainstreaming gender perspectives in its energy policies. The country has adopted a gender-responsive approach, recognizing that women play a vital role in the energy sector. The Rwanda Energy Group has implemented several initiatives, such as training programs and financial support for women entrepreneurs in the renewable energy sector. As a result, Rwanda has improved energy access, empowered women, and created job opportunities in the energy industry.

The Women in Wind Global Leadership Program

The Women in Wind Global Leadership Program, initiated by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), aims to promote gender diversity and leadership in the wind energy sector. The program provides mentorship opportunities, capacity-building workshops, and networking platforms for women in the industry. By empowering women and increasing their representation, the program contributes to a more inclusive and sustainable energy transition.


In conclusion, mainstreaming gender perspectives in energy transition policies is not just a matter of equality, but also a strategic approach towards achieving sustainable development. By considering gender roles, promoting women’s empowerment, and addressing specific energy needs, we can create an inclusive and equitable energy transition. Governments, organizations, and stakeholders must collaborate to implement policies that prioritize gender equality and ensure that women have an active role in shaping the future of energy.

For more information on gender perspectives in the energy sector, visit the UN Women website.

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